9M337 Sosna-R (Pine) (SA-24) is a Russian short range air defense anti-aircraft missile system designed to protect military units from air attacks in all types of combat situations, including during march, that was developed by KB Tochmash as a successor to 9K35 Strela-10. It is a cheaper alternative to the Tor missile system and Pantsir-S1 and designed to work in passive mode with the help of different imaging systems (thermal camera, TV camera) and a laser rangefinder in order to find and engage a target. Sosna-R is able to operate effectively under the control of various types of old, modern and prospective battery command posts, the most preferable of which is the FPU "Assembly-M1-2" (9S80M1-2) and is resistant to jamming. It uses a tracked SAM launcher with 12 missiles of 10 km range and altitude of 10 km, based on the MT-LB vehicle. The Sosna can also deliver fire while on the move. The system has a crew of two: the driver and gunner. The system is armed with 12 9M340 missiles that are held in their transport-launch containers and arranged in two banks of six. Sosna-R hyper-velocity beam rider 38 kg missiles are two-stage, capable of destroying aircraft, helicopters, missiles, cruise missiles, aerial bombs, small-sized air attack weapons including elements of high-precision weapons and light armored vehicles. The missile can change direction mid-flight. It also has a combined Impact/proximity laser fuse. Based on Osa-Tunguska, Pantsir - Hermes missiles further development, two stages (or one boost stage for shorter interceptions). Buk-M3 also nicknamed Viking, medium-range surface-to-air missile system is a modernized version of the Buk-M2 system, features advanced electronic components and a deadly new missile and could be regarded as a completely new system. The system is designed, developed and manufactured by the Russian Defense Company Almaz-Antey. The Buk-M3 system boasts a new digital computer, high-speed data exchange system and a tele-thermal imaging target designator instead of the tele-optical trackers used in previous models. A battery of Buk-M3 missiles can track and engage up to 36 targets simultaneously, while its advanced 9R31M missile is capable of knocking down all existing flying objects, including highly maneuverable ones, even during active electronic jamming. The Buk-M3 can also engage sea and land targets, due to its vertical launch capability. According some Russian newspaper website, the Buk-M3 would be made operational before the end of 2015. In December 2015, the Russian Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu has announced that Russian Armed forces will receive in 2016 the first set of the newest medium-range air defense missile system Buk-M3.
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Russia has unveiled the latest version of the Russian T-90 main battle tank called T-90M «Proryv-3». The T-90M «Proryv-3» is a modernized version of Russian main battle tank. The upgraded tank will eventually replace the aging T-90 and T-90A tanks that are still in service with the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The T-90M «Proryv-3» is a modernized version of Russian main battle tank. The upgraded tank will eventually replace the aging T-90 and T-90A tanks that are still in service with the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The T-90M tank has 125mm smooth-bore cannon that can fire guided missiles as well as shells. This tank is operated by a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver and have new automatic target tracker and fire control computer. The tank powered by a new engine, developing 1 300 hp. Combat weight – 50 tons and ground clearance – 450 mm. The T-90M has new composite armor as well as built-in Relikt explosive reactive armor (ERA) in place of the previous Kontakt-5. The «Proryv-3» is fitted with side skirts with built-in Relikt ERA. It provides protection against tandem warheads and reduces penetration of APFSDS rounds by over 50%. There is also a Shtora-1 countermeasures system, which significantly reduces the chance of being hit by enemy anti-tank guided weapons with semi-automatic guidance. As usually this tank is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. The Russian Ministry of Defense’s decision to upgrade older T-90 models could be interpreted as a sign that despite earlier announcements, the T-14 Armata will not replace the Soviet-era tanks as the mainstay of Russia’s tank force in the near future and that the Russian Ground Forces will continue to operate various MBT variants at least for the next decade.
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Putin publicly announced Russia has been working on a nuclear-armed unmanned undersea vehicle. There have been a number of reports of both of these weapons being in development for years, but without any clear official confirmation. The craft, which Putin says has no official name as yet, but which observers have referred to as Kanyon and Status-6 since information about the system first leaked out in 2015, is a completely different approach to avoiding missile defenses. Launched from a submarine well off shore, the underwater drone then makes it ways to the target area, avoiding any sensor networks or other defenses, before detonating its reportedly dirty warhead, causing significant immediate damage and lasting contamination. A computer generated presentation about the vehicle shows a modified Oscar II class submarine carrying a pair of the unmanned submarines in a special forward compartment. Putin suggest the drone would be "100 times smaller" than traditional submarines and therefore be especially difficult to detect. It would also be able to travel at "extreme depths" and at speeds that "greatly exceeds the speed of all submarines, up-to-date torpedoes and all types of high-speed surface ships,” making it even harder for an opponent to spot and intercept it before it reached the target area. Previous reports, as well as accompanying video, suggest the weapons are large, though, which might necessitate a new, specialized mothership. The same video presentation paired with Putin's discussion of this system appeared to show a more conventional torpedo, but its not clear if this is supposed to be stand-in for the nuclear-armed drone or if that craft might launch those weapons itself once it gets closer to the target. There is the suggestion that this unmanned undersea vehicle may have a nuclear powerplant, as well, which could conceivably allow submarine carrying it to launch it from almost anywhere in the world. The Russians appear to envision the system as a means of targeting task forces of surface warships – all of the computer-generated examples were clearly based on American designs – including aircraft carrier strike groups, as well as naval bases and ports. The nuclear-armed unmanned undersea vehicle emerging from its hangar on a modified Oscar II class submarine.
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The Russian Helicopters holding, a subsidiary of the Rostec state corporation, has unveiled a new variant of the Mi-171Sh (Hip-H) utility helicopter reconfigured for special operations. The Mi-171Sh-VN is designed to be more combat effective and survivable than the basic model. “The helicopter has been developed based on combat experience, including in Syria. According to its official specifications, the Mi-171Sh-VN has a maximum take-off weight of 13,500 kg, a maximum payload of 4,000 kg, a ferry range of 1,065 km, a service ceiling of 6,000 m, a maximum speed of 280 km/h, and a cruising speed of 260 km/h. The aircraft has a crew of three and can transport up to 37 people. The Mi-171Sh-VN is powered by two engines with a power output of 1,900 hp each. It has composite main rotor blades and an X-type tail rotor. The Mi-171Sh-VN gunship has received a powerful armament suite. The aircraft exhibited at MAKS 2017 is armed with eight Ataka guided missiles, two UPK-23-250 gun pods with GSh-23 twin-barrel automatic cannons, two S-8 rocket launchers, two OFAB-250 aerial bombs and two upperwing-fixed 12.7 mm Kord heavy machineguns. The helicopter can be also fitted with two more Kords in door mounts. A pinpoint mount for a 7.62 mm PKM medium machinegun is installed in the rear part. The helicopter’s protection has been reinforced with applique spall liner made of kevlar fabric and anti-blast seats for dismounts. The Mi-171Sh-VN has received two chin-mounted hyrostabilised platforms for optoelectronic systems. The helicopter is equipped with a FLIR system, an infrared searchlight and a glass cockpit suitable for night vision googles. The Mi-171Sh-VN features pixel camouflage painting scheme that drastically reduces its visual signature.
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The system that Putin disclosed was the truck-mounted laser cannon. As a point defense system, this directed energy weapon could be helpful for defeating various existing and emerging threats, particularly small drones. Earlier in the year, Russian bases in Syria found themselves on the receiving end of mass drone attacks, which is exactly the kind of scenario in which a mobile laser might be an valuable addition to other air defense and electronic warfare systems. It’s an indication that Russia is actually investing its limited resources in advancing its capability in this area, as well, even if recent reports of a work on a new anti-satellite laser system fitted on a still notional high-altitude aircraft sound particularly fanciful. Music: http://www.purple-planet.com
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Built on a T-72 tank chassis, the new rocket system has already been put into service with the Syrian Army's 4th Armored Division and participated in its counter-terrorism operations throughout the country. Presumably called the Golan-1000 out of reference to the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, the new rocket system carries three massive 500 mm rounds, each packed with 500 kg of high-explosive fragmentation ammunition. the vehicle's launch system is operated remotely using a simple control pad. Other verified information about the system is scarce, but the Golan-1000 is presumed to be a short-range launcher meant to defeat enemy fortifications, vehicles and manpower. The vehicle has already been dubbed an "improvised TOS-1" or "rocket monster" by some observers. The heavy self-propelled artillery system is believed to have already been used against militants in the southern outskirts of Damascus. The Golan-1000 firing off rounds into Hajar al-Aswad district, south of Damascus, where Daesh* forces were holed up.
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MiG-35 (Fulcrum-F) is a Russian fighter aircraft that is a further development of the MiG-29M/M2 and MiG-29K/KUB fighters. It is classified as a 4++ generation jet fighter by Mikoyan.he first prototype was a modification of the aircraft that previously served as a MiG-29M2 model demonstrator. In 2009, ten prototypes had been built for field trials.The most important changes are the Phazotron Zhuk-AE active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, the RD-33MK engines and the newly designed optical locator system, OLS-35. Number of suspension points for of armament has grown to 10 and a half times increased flight range and radar visibility has been reduced on several occasions. The final configuration of the MiG-35's onboard equipment has been left open intentionally using the MIL-STD-1553 busThe main advantage of an open architecture configuration for its avionics is that future customers will have options to choose from components and systems made by French, Israeli, Russian and United States companies. The Ramenskoye Design Company will act as systems integrator. The average cost flight personnel hours decreased by 2.5 times compared to MiG-29.Weight 7 tons of weapons (MiG-29 3.5tons).The unit cost $50–55 million
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The UK Ministry of Defense (MoD) has confirmed that it is talking with Boeing and the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) over a plan to purchase E-7 Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) systems. The news comes as three Royal Air Force crewmembers, comprising a pilot, an Electronic Support Measures Operator (ESMO), and a Surveillance and Control Officer, began E-7A Wedgetail conversion with the RAAF at Williamtown in September. The Boeing 737-based AEW&C aircraft was in line to replace the Royal Air Force’s E-3D Sentry fleet, however a proposed announcement at the Farnborough International Air Show was delayed. Combat Aircraft has been told that budget decisions were at the center of the move to postpone a summer announcement. The Boeing 737 AEW&C is a twin-engine airborne early warning and control aircraft. It is lighter than the 707-based Boeing E-3 Sentry, and mounts a fixed, active electronically scanned array radar antenna instead of a rotating one. It was designed for the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) under "Project Wedgetail" and designated E-7A Wedgetail. The 737 AEW&C has also been selected by the Turkish Air Force (under "Project Peace Eagle", Turkish: Barış Kartalı) and the Republic of Korea Air Force ("Project Peace Eye", Korean: "피스 아이"), and has been proposed to Italy and the United Arab Emirates.
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Romania’s Government yesterday notified the US via a letter of intent that it was ready to buy attack helicopters from Bell Helicopters. Defense minister Adrian Tutuianu signed the letter yesterday, after a meeting between several Romanian officials, including Prime Minister Mihai Tudose, and representatives of the US company Bell Helicopter. The Economy Ministry and Bell Helicopter representatives will carry out talks in the next period on establishing a joint venture, as well as on the technological and know-how transfer to allow the helicopter production on the Romanian territory, according to the Government. Bell Helicopter is interested in assembling the AH-1Z Viper attack helicopter model in Romania in order to equip the army. Several companies are interested in producing helicopters in Romania. US helicopter producer Sikorsky, controlled by the group Lockheed Martin, ponders producing S-70 Black Hawk helicopters in Romania, in Brasov or Craiova, if the army chooses this helicopter model to replace the old Puma helicopter fleet. Bell AH-1Z Viper is an American twin-engine attack helicopter, based on the AH-1W SuperCobra, that was developed for the United States Marine Corps as part of the H-1 upgrade program. The AH-1Z features a four-blade, bearingless, composite main rotor system, uprated transmission, and a new target sighting system.The AH-1Z, one of the latest members of the prolific Huey family, is also called "Zulu Cobra", based on the military phonetic alphabet pronunciation of its variant letter. Performance: Never exceed speed: 222 knots (255 mph, 411 km/h) in a dive Cruise speed: 160 kt (184 mph, 296 km/h) Range: 370 nmi (426 mi, 685 km) Combat radius: 125 nmi (144 mi, 231 km) with 2,500 lb (1,130 kg) payload Service ceiling: 20,000+ ft (6,000+ m) Rate of climb: 2,790 ft/min (14.2 m/s) Armament: Guns: 1 × 20 mm (0.787 in) M197 3-barreled Gatling cannon in the A/A49E-7 turret (750 round ammo capacity) Hardpoints: Up to 6 pylon stations on stub wing Rockets: 2.75 in (70 mm) Hydra 70 or APKWS II rockets – Mounted in LAU-68C/A (7 shot) or LAU-61D/A (19 shot) launchers (up to 76 unguided or 28 guided rockets total) Missiles: AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles – 1 mounted on each wing tip station (total of 2) AGM-114 Hellfire air-to-surface missiles – Up to 16 missiles mounted in four 4-round M272 missile launchers, two on each wing. Music: http://www.purple-planet.com
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Gripen E is an enhanced version of the Gripen C/D multi-role aircraft. The new fighter aircraft, whose initial delivery is scheduled for 2018, will replace the Swiss Air Force's fleet of Northrop F-5E/F Tiger. Saab performs modifications and related construction works for Gripen E by using components supplied by Swiss companies. Saab started construction of the pre-production Gripen E test aircraft, designated as 39-8, in July 2013. Initial construction works involve assembly of the aircraft's front fuselage, while the payload mounting works are carried out by RAUG. New components being integrated with the Gripen E were tested and proved in the Gripen 39-7 E/F demonstrator programme, with the test aircraft having flown for more than 250 hours in Sweden, the UK, India and Switzerland since 2008. The testing of the Gripen E is being overseen by Armasuisse. A Gripen E aircraft fitted with new sensor IRST (Infra Red Search and Track) completed its maiden flight in April 2014. The first test aircraft was rolled out in May 2016.The Gripen E has an overall length of 15.2m, wingspan of 8.6m, and maximum takeoff weight of 16,500kg. The maximum speed of the aircraft is Mach 2 at high-altitude, while the speed at low -altitude is 1,400km/h. The one seater aircraft features ten pylon stations, which enable it to carry reconnaissance pods, weapons and external fuel tanks. Its turnaround time is ten minutes in air-to-air configuration and 20 minutes, while carrying weapons for air-to-ground combat. The aircraft's internal fuel tanks with a combined capacity of 3.4t are approximately 40% larger than those of its former version. The increased volume is made possible by moving the landing gear from the fuselage of the aircraft out to the inner wings. Cockpit The Gripen E features a digital cockpit with three large multi-functional displays (MFD) including a few 3D screens. The cockpit also features a hands-on-throttle-and-stick (HOTAS) which provides superior situational awareness for the pilot. Weapons carried on the Gripen E The air-to-air missiles on the Gripen E include infrared-guided short range IRIS-T missile, and the Meteor missile, which is a beyond visual range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM). The aircraft also has the flexibility to be fitted with Sidewinder and A-Darter missiles to replace the IRIS-T, and the Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) missile to replace the Meteor. It can further be fitted with long range weapons such as R-Darter and Derby, and short-range weapons such as ASRAAM and Python. The Gripen E can also be integrated with a number of air-to-surface weapons including unguided Mk82, Mk83 and Mk84 bombs, laser-guided bombs such as GBU-12, GBU-16 and GBU-10, and advanced bombs such as GBU-49 and GBU-39. Air-to-surface missiles such as RBS15F ER, TAURUS KEPD 350, AGM-65 Maverick, and MBDA's dual-mode Brimstone (DMB) can also be integrated into the Gripen E. The aircraft features a 27mm all-purpose Mauser BK27 high velocity gun providing both air-to-air and air-to-surface attack capability. It is also equipped with a missile approach warning (MAW) system and is capable of carrying more chaff packets and flares compared with similar aircraft, enhancing its survivability. Gripen E's radars, sensors and communication systems The Gripen E features Selex's ES-05 Raven active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar system. Fitted on a swashplate at the nose of the aircraft, the radar provides an angular field of view of 100° and look behind capability. The passive Infrared Search and Track (IRST) sensor system fitted to the aircraft is the Skyward G supplied by Selex. It is also mounted on the nose of the aircraft and does not emit signals. The aircraft is further fitted with a passively listening advanced electronic warfare (EW) system. Rafael's Litening III Laser Designation Pod (LDP) is fitted to the aircraft for attacking ground targets using laser-guided bombs. The LDP also integrates a forward looking infrared (FLIR) sensor and a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera.
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Touted as the world's most technologically advanced fast attack submarine, the USS South Dakota is set to join the US Navy fleet amid a growing threat to American undersea dominance from several foreign rivals. Operating beneath the ocean's surface, a submarine's strategic value is often tied directly to its ability to navigate in or near enemy waters without being detected to conduct reconnaissance or attack missions. For years, the United States has maintained a technological edge over the submarines developed by rival nations, but recent advances made by Russia and China have sparked concerns of an emerging threat to American undersea superiority. Christened earlier this month, the nuclear-powered USS South Dakota marks the US Navy's latest effort to maintain that edge and provides a technological blueprint for future development. Virginia-class submarines currently cost roughly $2.7 billion each. The Navy's 70-boat submarine fleet is made up of three major types of boats: ballistic-missile submarines, attack submarines, and cruise-missile submarines. The Navy currently fields 17 Virginia-class fast attack submarines, which are built to operate in the world's littoral and deep waters. Virginia-class submarines can launch torpedoes at other submarines and at ships. They can also launch missiles at ground targets, gather intelligence, and deploy Navy SEAL units for special operations. "Their inherent stealth, endurance, mobility and firepower directly enable them to support five of the six maritime strategy core capabilities -- sea control, power projection, forward presence, maritime security and deterrence," the Navy said. Incorporating "acoustic superiority" that is expected to provide unparalleled stealth capability, the USS South Dakota will be used as a "demonstrator to prove out advanced technologies," according to Navy spokesperson Lt. Seth Clarke. Lessons learned from South Dakota will be incorporated into later Virginia-class submarines -- "increasing our undersea domain advantage, ensuring our dominance through the midcentury and beyond," Clarke said. "Stealth capability is one of the crucial advantages of submarines ... the Virginia-class brings capability and capacity that is so crucial as we head into potential peer conflict down the road." according to Randy Forbes, a former US representative who served as chairman of the Seapower and Projection Forces subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committee while in Congress. The 360-foot USS South Dakota is scheduled to officially enter the fleet in August 2018. USS South Dakota (SSN-790), is a Virginia-class submarine. The contract to build her was awarded to Huntington Ingalls Industries in partnership with the Electric Boat division of General Dynamics in Newport News, Virginia on 22 December 2008. This ship is the seventh of the Block III subs which will feature a revised bow, including some technology from Ohio-class SSGNs. The keel laying ceremony took place on April 4, 2016. The ship's sponsor is Deanie Dempsey, wife of retired US Army General Martin Dempsey. The christening ceremony took place on October 14, 2017 in Groton, Connecticut. It will be the third navy vessel to carry the name South Dakota, the previous ships being the USS- South Dakota (BB-57) and the USS-Huron (ACR-9) (Named changed from South Dakota to Huron) A fourth was planned after WW1, but it was canceled, it was the USS-South Dakota (BB-49) . Displacement: 7800 tons light, 7800 tons full Length: 114.9 meters (377 feet) Beam: 10.3 meters (34 feet) Propulsion: S9G reactor Speed: 25 knots (46 km/h) Range: Essentially unlimited distance; 33 years Test depth: greater than 800 feet (240 meters) Complement: 134 officers and men Block I-IV: 12 × VLS (Tomahawk BGM-109) tubes 4 × 533 mm torpedo tubes (Mk-48 torpedo) 37 × torpedoes & missiles (torpedo room) Block V: VPM module (28 Tomahawk BGM-109) 12 × VLS (Tomahawk BGM-109) tubes 4 × 533 mm torpedo tubes (Mk-48 torpedo) 65 × torpedoes & missiles
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France and Germany have announced their intention to work together to develop a new advanced "European" fighter jet. The final plan is still in the works and could potentially see the end the German military’s interest in the controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. The complete Franco-German fighter jet plan reportedly calls for a combination of manned and unmanned aircraft to ultimately replace France’s Dassault Rafales and Germany’s Eurofighter Typhoons. The two countries will come up with a shared “roadmap” by the middle of 2018. Both countries have an interest in developing successors to these aircraft. Though they are among the most advanced fighter jets in active service anywhere in the world, the basic Rafale and Typhoon designs date back to the 1980s. Development of fighters since then has increasingly focused on adding low-observable features, such as stealthy overall shapes, to defeat steadily improving, networked air defenses. The Franco-German plan actually sounds very similar to Airbus Defence and Space’s Future Combat Air System (FCAS) concept. The European aviation consortium, headquarters in Germany, first revealed this proposal in July 2016. FCAS itself was a response to a joint German-Spanish requirement, dubbed the Next Generation Weapon System (NGWS), which those two countries unveiled six months earlier. Music: https://www.bensound.com/royalty-free-music
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Tigr-M VPK-233114 Tiger-M During the 2010 Interpolitex exhibition, the Tigr-M was announced. It featured a new YaMZ-534 diesel engine, a new armored hood, air filter installation, an increase in the number of rear passenger seats (from 8 to 9) and the replacement of the bicuspid rear hatch with a large square hatch. Currently, the Tigr-M is mass-produced and supplied to the Russian Army, including with the new Arbalet-DM remote control weapons station which is composed of 12.7mm Kord or 7.62mm PKTM machine guns The International Special Forces Training Centre in Chechnya with the engineering company “F-Motor-Sport” have showcased the new Chaborz M-6 military buggy at the Army-2017 international military-technical exhibition held outside Moscow. The new Chaborz M-6 is a six-seat modification of the light strike vehicle. It is designed to be used in special operations, especially in the mountainous regions, such as the Russian Caucasus. The M-6 is currently armed with 7.62mm «Pecheneg» machine gun on the side of the passenger seat and two on both sides and 12,7 mm «Kord» heavy machine gun mounted on the roof for a 360-degree action. The Chaborz M-6 can be transported internally in Il-76, An-12 and C-130 transport aircraft or carried slung under the Mi-8 and Mi-26 helicopters. BTR-MDM (Shell-M) is a tracked, airborne, multi-purpose, fully-amphibious armoured personnel carrier (APC) developed primarily for the Russian Army as well as the Russian Marine Corps. Development of the BTR-MDM vehicle began in 2008. It was unveiled at the Russian Arms Expo, RAE 2013, held in Nizhny Tagil, Russia, in September 2013. The first batch production APCs took part in the Moscow Victory Day Parade in May 2015. The BTR-MDM armoured vehicle is designed for use by the airborne units / air assault formations of the Navy Marine Corps for the transportation of troops, fuel, ammunition, spare parts, and lubricants. It can be configured as command post machine, communications and control machinery, medical vehicle, and logistics vehicle.
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Over 40 warships and more than 4,000 sailors made up a spectacular Navy Day parade in Saint Petersburg, attended by Commander-in-Chief Vladimir Putin. Similar fleet reviews also took place in major port cities across Russia. Vessels representing all fleets of the Russian Navy have moored in Neva River in St. Petersburg, where a massive naval parade took place on Sunday to commemorate over three centuries of is rich history. President Vladimir Putin has attended the Saint Petersburg event, in which he inspected the warships as well as sailors lined up along the Admiralty Embankment. The massive event in Saint Petersburg saw some 40 warships from Baltic, Northern and Black Sea fleets as well as the Caspian Sea flotilla, including Russia’s newest Admiral Gorshkov-class frigate, a Steregushchiy-class corvette, a diesel-electric submarine as well as dozens of fast-attack crafts, landing ships and auxiliary vessels. 4,000 sailors paraded in front of the guests, followed by navy aircraft, including the Su-33 and MiG-29K fighters along with Ka-52K and Ka-27M helicopters making traditional flypast over Saint Petersburg. Similar events have occurred in Russian cities of Kaliningrad, Sevastopol and Vladivostok – all home bases of the Navy ships. Parades were spanning not only nine time zones within the country, but also have been set up in the Syrian port of Tartus, where a Russian maritime task force is stationed. The Russian Navy fleet, which was founded in 1696 by Emperor Peter the Great, has marked its 322nd birthday this year. Russia's Navy Day was established in the Soviet Union back in 1939. It has been celebrated on the last Sunday of July since 1980. Music: http://freemusicarchive.org
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MiG-29M/M2 aircraft is a revision of the basic MiG-29. It achieved a more robust multi-role capability with enhanced use of air-to-air and air-to-ground high-precision weapons. It also featured considerably increased combat range owing to an increase in its internal fuel capacity. Airframe evolutions: A few changes took place during the aircraft's development. The redesigned airframe was constructed from a lightweight Aluminium-lithium alloy to increase thrust-to-weight ratio. Air intake ramps' geometry was revised, the upper intake louvers removed to make way for more fuel in the LERXs, mesh screens introduced to prevent foreign object damage (FOD) and enlarged inlet dimensions for higher airflow. Powerplant: The RD-33MK, the latest revision of the RD-33, has 7% more power in comparison to the baseline model due to the usage of modern materials on the cooled blades, and provides a thrust of 9,000 kgf.
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S-500 Prometey (Russian: C-500 Прометей, Prometheus), also known as 55R6M "Triumfator-M" is a Russian surface-to-air missile/anti-ballistic missile system intended to replace the A-135 missile system currently in use, and supplement the S-400. The S-500 is under development by the Almaz-Antey Air Defence Concern, and planned to be deployed by 2020. With its characteristics it will be very similar to the US Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system
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The T-100 Integrated Training System (ITS) is the solution offered by Leonardo DRS in the T-X competition for the U.S. Air Force’s advanced pilot training system program. The T-100, the next generation advanced jet trainer based on Leonardo’s M-346, is a twin-engine, tandem-seat aircraft purpose-designed for a wide range of training missions, long-term reliability and cost-effective operations. The updated cockpit avionics with the latest Large Area Display (LAD) and the advanced mission management suite offered by the T-100’s Embedded Tactical Training Simulation (ETTS) system, make the T-100 truly representative of the 5th generation combat aircraft. Team T-100 is comprised of Leonardo DRS as prime contractor; supported by CAE USA in the design and development of the Ground Based Training System (GBTS) and Honeywell Aerospace in providing the propulsion engines.
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Russia’s newest A-100 aircraft of radar patrol and targeting made a maiden flight on Saturday, press service of the designer, Vega Radio Engineering Concern (a part of Russian Electronics of the Rostec Corporation), said. "On November 18, 2017, the multifunctional aviation complex of radar patrol and targeting A-100 made a debut flight," According to the designer, during the first flight "were tested the aerodynamics characteristics, the aircraft’s avionics and elements of the radio-technical complex." A-100 was created on the basis of Il-76MD-90A, on which the designers installed "a fairing with a unique antenna system and the latest special radar" to quickly build up the radar field at a predetermined operating direction. "Besides, the aviation complex may engage the air and other targets, as well as guide fighter and attack aircraft to hit air, ground and naval objectives," the designers said. According to the Russian Defense Ministry, the A-100 is superior to foreign analogues as its advanced reconnaissance and control capabilities would enable it to detect new classes of targets and to improve combat management. A-100 will replace A-50 and A-50U aircraft. The new aircraft would be delivered to the Aerospace Force from 2020.
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Russian Strategic Missile Forces have conducted a successful intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) launch, testing a hypersonic cruise vehicle. All modern nuclear warheads are delivered on targets using ballistic trajectory that can be calculated, therefore such warheads could be intercepted. Hypersonic warheads currently in design would be capable of maneuvering by yaw and pitch, eventually becoming impossible to intercept, thus making any existing and upcoming missile defense system impotent. The new warhead is likely to be readied for the upcoming RS-28 Sarmat heavy liquid-propelled ICBM. Tests of the new Russian ICBM RS-28 Sarmat, which is meant to replace the outgoing heavy silo-based Soviet R-36M missiles, dubbed “Satan” by NATO. The RS-28 has been in development since 2009 and is scheduled to start replacing the old ICBMs in 2018. The new missile, weighing at least 100 tons, will reportedly be capable of carrying a payload of up to 10 tons on any trajectory. This means an attack on a target could be made from any direction, i.e. RS-28 could start from Russia and fly in the direction of Antarctica, make a circumterrestrial flight and hit targets on the other side of the planet from an unexpected direction. The Russian military plans to put Sarmat in service in late 2018 and complete replacing older variants of Satan by 2020. Its large payload of about 10 tonnes would allow for up to 10 heavy warheads or 15 lighter ones or up to 24 hypersonic glide vehicles Yu-71/Yu-74, or a combination of warheads and massive amounts of countermeasures designed to beat anti-missile systems. It is by the Russian military as a response to the U.S. Prompt Global Strike.It is suspected to have a Fractional Orbital Bombardment (FOBS) capability Specifications Weight Over 100 tonnes Warhead 10–24 MIRVs (various type and yield; At the maximum reported throw-weight of up 10,000 kg, the missile could deliver a 50 Mt charge (the maximum theoretical yield-to-weight ratio is about 6 megatons of TNT per metric ton, and the maximum achieved ratio was apparently 5.2 megatons of TNT per metric ton in B/Mk-41). Engine First stage: PDU-99 (RD-274 derived) Propellant Liquid Operational range approx. 10,000 kilometres (6,200 mi) Speed over Mach 20.7, 4.3 miles per second, 15,480 miles per hour (24,910 km/h) Guidance system Inertial guidance, GLONASS, Astrocelestial Launch platform Silo
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The Russian Air Force has deployed some MiG-29SMT multirole combat aircraft to Hmeymim airbase, near Latakia, in western Syria, the Russian Ministry of Defense confirmed on Sept. 13, 2017. It’s the first time the modernized version of the baseline Fulcrum jet is deployed to take part in the Syrian Air War. The MiG-29SMT is an upgraded variant of the MiG-29 featuring a big 950-litre spine CFT (Conformal Fuel Tank) and an in-flight refueling system on the left hand side of the cockpit: it is equipped with a “glass cockpit” with two MFI-10-6M displays and IKSh-1M HUD (Head-Up Display). With a maximum range of 1,800 km (3,000 with three drop tanks), it can carry guided air-to-surface weapons. According to “Russia’s Warplanes, Volume 1” by Piotr Butowski published by Harpia Publishing, one of the most authoritative sources on Russian military aircraft and helicopters today, besides the baseline Fulcrum loadout, the MiG-29SMT can carry two R-27T medium-range IR-guided air-to-air missiles or two extended-range R-27ER/ET AAMs, or up to six RVV-AE AAMs. Air-to-ground weapons include two Kh-29T/L, up to four Kh-25M, or two Kh-31A7P missiles, or up to four KAB-500 guided bombs. The first images emerging from Syria show at least one aircraft with two unguided FAB-500s. The Russian Air Force plans to operate a fleet of 44 MIG-29SMT fighters: 28 were returned from Algeria (that ordered the aircraft in February 2006 and broke the contract after 16 were delivered because they claimed that the airframes were not brand new – these, according to Butowski were acquired by the Russian MoD and delivered to a fighter regiment in Kursk-Khalino beginning in February 2009) and another batch (whose complete delivery status is not known) of 16 aircraft ordered in 2014 and due to delivery by the end of 2016.
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Russia has floated out the first advanced variant of the nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) Project 955A Borei II-class (“North Wind”), or Dolgorukiy-class. The Borei II-class (also designated Borei-A) boomer Knyaz Vladimir (Prince Vladimir) was launched during a float out ceremony at the Sevmash Shipyards in Severodvinsk in northern Russia on November 17. The ceremony was attended by the commander-in-chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Vladimir Korolyov, and other senior naval officers and high ranking defense industry officials. The new boomer was laid down in July 2012 and is expected to be delivered to the Russian Navy next year. Once commissioned, it will be Russia’s most advanced SSBN ever to conduct nuclear deterrence patrols. Next to improved maneuverability and purportedly improved stealth capabilities, the Borei II-class SSBN will carry a heavier nuclear payload. Russia plans to build a total of eight Borei-class SSBNs – three Borei-class and five improved Borei II-class boats – by 2o25. The date was recently confirmed by Admiral Korolyov, although delays are to be expected. For example, the construction of the Knyaz Vladimir began with a two-year delay due to contract disputes between the Russian Ministry of Defense and Sevmash Shipyards. “Three Borei-class SSBNs have been commissioned to date with one submarine, the Yuri Dolgoruky, serving with the Northern Fleet and the remaining two – Alexander Nevsky and Vladimir Monomakh — deployed with Russia’s increasingly more active Pacific Fleet,” I reported in June. In his remarks on November 17, Korolyov also mentioned Russia’s intention develop a more advanced variant of the Borei-class in addition to a separate class of next-generation nuclear powered submarines. “The development and the construction of the series of Project Borei-A strategic missile-carrying underwater cruisers and the eventual development of Project Borei-B submarines with the subsequent construction of fifth-generation nuclear-powered subs are prompted by the provisions of Russia’s naval doctrine and aimed at fulfilling the task of maintaining the armament and equipment of the groupings of strategic submarines in the Pacific and Northern Fleets at a high level,” the admiral said, according to TASS news agency. Work on the Borei B-class has allegedly already started. The new class of fifth-generation nuclear-powered subs (dubbed Husky-class) will reportedly come in three variants (SSN, SSG, and SSBN) and is expected to replace Project 971 Akula-class SSNs beginning in the 2030s. As I reported in July, the Rubin Central Design Bureau, which also designed and developed the Borei-class, has finished preliminary design work of new conventional fifth-generation submarine code named Project Kalina. The new sub will be based on the Project 677 Lada-class diesel-electric attack submarine.
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The "Kulbit" (also known as the "Frolov chakra") is an aerial maneuver developed by Russian pilots in which the aircraft performs an extremely tight loop, often not much wider than the length of the aircraft itself. It differs from the traditional inside loop as it uses post-stall maneuvering capabilities, a type of supermaneuverability. Like most post-stall maneuvers, it demonstrates pitch control outside the normal flight envelope wherein pitch control is made possible by having aerodynamic flow over the aircraft's elevators or stabilators. The name "Kulbit" is derived from the Russian Кульбит, meaning “somersault”. The alternate name, "Frolov's Chakra", refers to Russian test pilot Yevgeni Frolov, the pilot who first carried out the maneuver, while "chakra" is a yogic term, meaning “vortex” or “whirlpool”. The Kulbit drastically decreases the aircraft's speed and could theoretically be used to cause a pursuing aircraft to overshoot its target. The maneuver is closely related to the famous "Pugachev's Cobra" maneuver, but the Kulbit completes the loop that the Cobra almost immediately cuts off. Aircraft known to be able to execute the "Kulbit" The following aircraft are currently known to be able to execute the "Kulbit": Sukhoi Su-35 Sukhoi Su-30MKI/SM/MKM F-22 Raptor Sukhoi Su-57
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Russian military preliminary report on their investigation into T-22M3 strike bomber crash was apparently leaked online today. Russian Tupolev Tu-22M3 strike bomber (35 Red / RF-94159), carrying four crew members, has crashed at 13:40 p.m. (Moscow time) in Russia’s northwestern region of Murmansk, according to an initial report. The accident occurred as the long-range bomber was attempting to land at Olenegorsk airfield, aircraft caught fire and was destroyed. Of the four crew members, two were injured and were transported to a medical facility to receive assistance whereas two were killed. Preliminary results of the military investigation said the cause of the accident is a piloting error. Tu-22M3 bombe’s crew allowed landing with increased load. Tu-22M3 is a is a long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by Tupolev for the Soviet Air Force. The aircraft is currently in service with the Russian Air Force and Russian Naval Aviation. According to Ausairpower.net, Tu-22M3 bomber airctaft, which remained in production until 1993, is primarily used to conduct nuclear strike and conventional attack operations. It can also be deployed in anti-ship and maritime reconnaissance missions. On August 2018, the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) aircraft manufacturing companyrolled out its upgraded Tu-22M3M supersonic strike bomber. A western aviation expert said most analysts had begun to think that a broken instrument landing system or ILS may be to blame for a “hard” landing of Russian bomber.
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International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS holds one of the leading positions among the world's largest aviation forums and it is well-deserved. The Mikoyan MiG-35 (Russian: Микоян МиГ-35; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum-F) is a Russian multirole fighter that is a further development of the MiG-29M/M2 and MiG-29K/KUB fighters. It is classified as a 4++ generation jet fighter by Mikoyan. The fighter has vastly improved avionics and weapon systems, notably the new AESA radar, precision-guided targeting capability, and the uniquely designed optical locator system (OLS), relieves the aircraft from relying on ground-controlled interception (GCI) systems and enables it to conduct independent multirole missions. Unit cost US$45 million General characteristics Crew: 1 or 2 Length: 17.3 m (56 ft 9 in) Wingspan: 12 m (39 ft 4 in) Height: 4.73 m (15 ft 6 in) Wing area: 38 m² (409 ft²) Empty weight: 11,000 kg (24,250 lb) Loaded weight: 17,500 kg (38,600 lb) Max. takeoff weight: 29,700 kg (65,500 lb) Powerplant: 2 × Klimov RD-33MK afterburning turbofans Dry thrust: 53.0 kN (11,900 lbf) each Thrust with afterburner: 88.3 kN (19,840 lbf) each Performance Maximum speed: At altitude: Mach 1.94 (2,400 km/h; 1,490 mph) At sea level: Mach 1.17 (1,450 km/h; 901 mph) Range: 2,000 km (1,240 mi; 1,080 nmi) Combat radius: 1,000 km (620 mi; 540 nmi) Ferry range: With 3 external fuel tanks: 3,100 km (1,930 mi; 1,670 nmi) With aerial refueling: 6,000 km (3,730 mi; 3,240 nmi ) Service ceiling: 19,000 m (62,340 ft) Rate of climb: 330 m/s (65,000 ft/min) Thrust/weight: 1.03 Maximum g-load: 10 g Armament Guns: 1 × 30 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-301 autocannon with 150 rounds Hardpoints: 9 hardpoints with a capacity of up to 7,000 kg and provisions to carry combinations of: Rockets: S-8 S-13 S-25L S-25-O S-24 Missiles: Air-to-air missiles: R-73 R-77 Air-to-surface missiles: Kh-29L/TE Anti-radiation missiles: 4 × Kh-31PD Anti-ship missiles: 4 × Kh-31AD Bombs: KAB-500KR TV-guided bomb KAB-500L laser-guided bomb KAB-500S-E guided bomb Avionics Phazotron Zhuk-AE active electronically scanned array radar OLS-UEM electro-optical targeting system OLS-K electro-optical targeting system
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Boeing F-15E Strike Eagle is an American all-weather multirole strike fighter, derived from the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle. The F-15E was designed in the 1980s for long-range, high speed interdiction without relying on escort or electronic-warfare aircraft. United States Air Force (USAF) F-15E Strike Eagles can be distinguished from other U.S. Eagle variants by darker aircraft camouflage and conformal fuel tanks mounted along the engine intake ramps. Maximum speed: Mach 2.5+ (1,875 mph, 3,017 km/h) Combat radius: 790 mi (687 nmi, 1,270 km) Ferry range: 2,400 mi (2,100 nmi, 3,900 km) with conformal fuel tank and three external fuel tanks Service ceiling: 60,000 ft (18,200 m) Rate of climb: 50,000+ ft/min (254+ m/s) Thrust/weight: 0.93 Maximum g-load: +9 g Based on Sukhoi Su-27 'Flanker', the two-seat Su-34 is designed primarily for tactical deployment against ground and naval targets (Tactical bombing/attack/interdiction roles, including against small and mobile targets) on solo and group missions in daytime and at night, under favourable and adverse weather conditions and in a hostile environment with counter-fire and EW counter-measures deployed, as well as for air reconnaissance. Maximum speed: High altitude: Mach 1.8+ (≈2,000 km/h, 1,200 mph) Low altitude: Mach 1.2 (1,400 km/h, 870 mph) at sea level Cruise speed: unknown Range: 1,100 km (680 mi) at low level altitude Combat radius: 1,000+ km (about 680 mi) Ferry range: 4,000 km (2,490 mi) Service ceiling: 15,000 m (49,200 ft) Thrust/weight: 0.68 The Su-34 was more of a ground-attack and reconnaissance aircraft. The F-15E is a dogfighter, although it can be outfitted with ground attack weapons. If matched in a dogfight, the F-15E would beat the crap out of it.
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Official presentation of Serbian BOV M16 Milosh 4x4 MRAP vehicle. The armoured multi-purpose combat vehicle, with 4x4 drive – Milosh belongs to the category of modern armoured vehicles intended for the performance of wide range of missions in the activities of police and armed forces. The main concept of the vehicle is based on a self-supporting hull, modern drive and transmission assemblies and an independent suspension system which ensures high mobility in any terrain and weather conditions with the maximum combat weight exceeding 14 tons. The vehicle can be used for: patrol missions, reconnaissance missions, as a command vehicle, for transportation and support to the units for special operations, in anti-guerrilla, anti-terrorism and anti-tank operations, for the border and territory control, etc. The vehicle is available in the following versions: • Command vehicle of the joint tactical unit • Vehicle for the artillery joint tactical units • Vehicle for anti-tank operations • Artillery reconnaissance – command vehicle with the integrated artillery electronic direction finder and other optoelectronic systems for surveillance and fire control • Ambulance vehicle, etc.
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Russian defense industry claims that Russia has conducted another successful test of its ship-based hypersonic missile called the Tsirkon against naval targets at a distance of over several hundred kilometers! Tsirkon reached a top speed of Mach 8, approximately eight times the speed of sound, or about two miles per second. Russian state media also stated that the missile’s trials began about four years ago and are continuing now from the coastal stand. The Tsirkon hypersonic missile “repeatedly destroyed designated naval targets at the hypersonic speed,” the source added, declining to give the date of the latest trials. With its expected adoption by Russian forces in 2022. The Tsirkon hypersonic missile has been developed by the Research and Production Association of Machine-Building. The Tsirkon has a firing range of about 400km and can develop a speed of Mach 4-6, as various data suggest. As was reported earlier, Tsirkon missiles will be launched with the help of the universal shipborne vertical launching systems currently used for Kalibr and Oniks cruise missiles. Such systems are mounted, in particular, on Project 20380 corvettes, Project 22350 frigates and Project 885 Yasen-class submarines. The 3M22 Zircon also spelled as 3M22 Tsirkon (Russian: Циркон, NATO reporting name: SS-N-33) is a scramjet powered maneuvering anti-ship hypersonic cruise missile developed by Russia. Designer: NPO Mashinostroyeniya Produced: 2012–present Specifications: Length: 8-10 m Engine: Scramjet Fuel capacity: 600 miles (970 km) Operational range: 1,000 km (540 nmi; 620 mi) Speed Mach 8 (6,090 mph; 9,800 km/h; 2,722.3 m/s) Launch platform: Aircraft, submarines, ships, and ground-based TEL systems
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BM-21-1: Launch vehicles are mounted on a family of Ural-4320 truck chassis. 2B17 or also BM-21-1: This upgrade was presented for the first time in 2003 and was developed by Motovilikha Plants from Perm. The system is fitted with a satellite navigation system NAP SNS, automated fire control system ASUNO, APP laying system and can fire a new generation of rockets with a range of 40 km (25 mi). The truck is the Ural-4320. Specifications (9K51) Weight 13.71 tonnes (30,225 lb) Length 7.35 m (24 ft 1 in) Barrel length 3.0 m (9 ft 10 in) Width 2.40 m (7 ft 10 in) Height 3.09 m (10 ft 2 in) Crew 3 Barrels 40 Rate of fire 2 rounds/s Muzzle velocity 690 m/s (2,264 ft/s) Maximum firing range 20 km (12 mi) (new rockets 30–45 km) Sights PG-1M panoramic telescope Engine V-8 gasoline ZiL-375 180 hp (130 kW) Suspension 6×6 wheeled Operational range 405 km (251 mi) Speed 75 km/h (47 mph)
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The Hungarian Ministry of Defence has ordered 16 H225M multi-purpose helicopters equipped with the HForce weapon management system. Together with the helicopters, Airbus will also provide an extensive training and support package to ensure the highest level of operational availability. “I am thankful for the trust that the Hungarian Government has placed in our company to support its ambitious ‘Zrinyi 2026’ armed forces modernisation programme. Our teams have witnessed the professionalism and enthusiasm of the Hungarian experts and pilots whose contribution has been key to ensuring the success of this project” said Bruno Even, Airbus Helicopters CEO. “This new contract confirms the H225M as a combat-proven, multi-role platform operated by the most demanding military customers worldwide. The Hungarian armed forces will be able to rely on the cost-efficient H145M / H225M tandem that will enable them to cover all of the major military missions, from light utility, tactical transport, combat search and rescue up to light attack.” The H225Ms selected by Hungary will be equipped with state-of-the-art communication capabilities and will be used for transport, combat search and rescue, and special operations missions. Its state-of-the art avionics and four axis autopilot, exceptional range and payload capacities, combined with a large cabin designed to carry up to 28 troops and powerful air-to-ground and air-to-surface armament as well as electronic warfare systems allow the H225M to carry out the most demanding missions. The helicopter has an all-weather capability supported by its night vision goggle compatibility. Max weight: 10,472 lbs. Capacity: 2 pilots + 19 passengers or 10,472 lbs. sling load Powerplant: 2 Turbomeca Makila 2A Fast cruise speed: 142 kts Overall length with blade in front: 63.98 ft. Minimum width with all blades: 53.14 ft. Overall width with 2 blades folded: 13.45 ft. Empty weight of standard aircraft: 12,332 lbs. Maximum takeoff weight: 24,251 lbs. Useful load: 11,918 lbs. Maximum takeoff weight (with external load): 24,690 lbs. Usable fuel capacity (standard tank): 674 gal. Powerplant: 2 Turbomeca Makila 2A1 Cabin volume: 547.30 cu. ft. Baggage compartment volume: Continuous Cabin Standard seating capacity: 2+19 Maximum speed (VNE): 175 kts. Fast cruise speed at SL: 142 kts. Rate of climb at SL: 1,062 ft/min. Service ceiling: 13,181 ft. Hover ceiling IGE: 6,350 ft. Hover ceiling OGE: 2,607 ft. Range at SL with standard tank: 452 nm.
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The Slovak Republic has requested the sale of 14 advanced Lockheed Martin F-16V Block 70/72 Fighting Falcon fighters to replace its increasingly obsolete fleet of Soviet-built Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrums. The new jets would give the Slovak air force a huge boost in capability with the addition of advanced new sensors such as an active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar and other capabilities that are not found onboard the Cold War-era Fulcrums. “The State Department has made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to Slovakia of F-16 Block 70/72 V configuration aircraft for an estimated cost of $2.91 billion,” the U.S. State Department said in a statement. The Slovak aircraft will be the most advanced version of the F-16 to be built to date and includes the Northrop Grumman AN/APG-83 Scalable Agile Beam Radar (SABR), which is an advanced AESA radar based on technology from the F-35. The Slovaks are also requesting the sale of advanced air-to-air missiles including 30 Raytheon AIM-120C-7 AMRAAM missiles and 100 AIM-9X Sidewinders, which offer considerable boost over the MiG-29’s capabilities especially at long range. Najmodernejšie americké stíhačky typu F-16 Block 70/72 budú novou akvizíciou Vzdušných síl Ozbrojených síl SR. Materiál na odporúčanie rezortu obrany v stredu odobrila vláda SR s tým, že americké stroje sú pre Slovensko lepšou variantou v porovnaní so švédskymi Gripenmi. Na 14 nových kusov nadzvukových lietadiel plánuje vláda utratiť viac ako jednu miliardu eur. V konečnej sume, ktorá však stále nie je známa, by v nej mali byť započítané aj sprievodné výdavky, ako sú napríklad výcvik pilotov, infraštruktúra či munícia. Stíhačky F-16 Block 70/72 sú najnovšou verziou, Slovensko bude navyše prvou krajinou v rámci Európskej únie, ktorá bude mať tieto stroje vo výzbroji. Music: http://www.purple-planet.com
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International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS holds one of the leading positions among the world's largest aviation forums and it is well-deserved. The main objective of MAKS is to demonstrate achievements of Russian high tech and receptiveness of the domestic Russian market to joint projects with foreign partners. The Sukhoi Su-35 Russian: Сухой Су-35; NATO reporting name: Flanker-E is a designation for two separate, heavily upgraded derivatives of the Su-27 aircraft. They are single-seat, twin-engine, supermaneuverable multirole fighters, designed by Sukhoi and built by Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association KnAAPO General characteristics • Crew: 1 • Length: 21.9 m (72 ft 11 in) • Wingspan: (with wingtip pods) 15.3 m (50 ft 2 in) • Height: 5.9 m (19 ft 5 in) • Wing area: 62 m² (667 ft²) • Empty weight: 18,400 kg (40,570 lb) • Loaded weight: 25,300 kg (56,660 lb) at 50% internal fuel • Max. takeoff weight: 34,500 kg (76,060 lb) • Fuel capacity: 11,500 kg (25,400 lb) internally • Powerplant: 2 × Saturn AL-31F1S afterburning turbofans • Dry thrust: 86.3 kN (19,400 lbf) each • Thrust with afterburner: 142 kN (31,900 lbf) each Performance • Maximum speed: • At altitude: Mach 2.25 (2,400 km/h; 1,490 mph) • At sea level: Mach 1.13 (1,400 km/h; 870 mph) • Range: • At altitude: 3,600 km (2,240 mi; 1,940 nmi) • At sea level: 1,580 km (980 mi; 850 nmi) • Ferry range: 4,500 km (2,800 mi; 2,430 nmi) with 2 external fuel tanks • Service ceiling: 18,000 m (59,100 ft) • Rate of climb: +280 m/s (+55,000 ft/min) • Wing loading: • With 50% fuel: 408 kg/m² (84.9 lb/ft²) • With full internal fuel: 500.8 kg/m² • Thrust/weight: 1.13 at 50% fuel (0.92 with full internal fuel) • Maximum g-load: +9 g Armament • Guns: 1 × internal 30 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-301 autocannon with 150 rounds • Hardpoints: 12 hardpoints, consisting of 2 wingtip rails, and 10 wing and fuselage stations with a capacity of 8,000 kg (17,630 lb) of ordnance and provisions to carry combinations of: • Rockets: S-25 • Missiles: • Air-to-air missiles: • 8 × R-27RE/TE • R-40 • R-60 • 6 × R-73E • 12 × R-77M/P/T • 6 × R-74 • Air-to-surface missiles: • Kh-25ML • 6 × Kh-29L/TE • 3 × 3M-14AE • Anti-ship missiles: • 3 × 3M-54AE1 • 6 × Kh-31A/AD • 5 × Kh-59MK • 1 × Yakhont • Anti-radiation missiles: • Kh-25MP • 6 × Kh-31P/PD • 5 × Kh-58UShE • Bombs: • 8 × KAB-500KR TV-guided bombs • 8 × KAB-500L laser-guided bombs • 8 × KAB-500OD guided bombs • 8 × KAB-500S-E satellite-guided bombs • 3 × KAB-1500KR TV-guided bombs • 3 × KAB-1500L laser-guided bombs • GBU-500 laser-guided bomb • GBU-500T TV-guided bomb • GBU-1000 laser-guided bomb • GBU-1000T TV-guided bomb Avionics • Irbis-E passive electronically scanned array radar • OLS-35 infra-red search and track system • Khibiny electronic countermeasures system
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Equipment of the Serbian Army: Armoured Self propeled Howitzer Soko 122mm Self propeled Howitzer Nora B-52 155mm Self propeled Howitzer Sora 122m MBT M-84AS MLRS M-77 Oganj 128mm BOV M16 Milosh Armoured Recconaissance Vehicle BOV M-10 Armoured Recconaissance Vehicle BOV M-11Armoured Command Vehicle Super Galeb G-4MD Combat Trainer Jet Utva Sova Prop Trainer SAM S-125M Neva SAM 2K12 KUB-M MRAP Lazar3 Guided Rocket System Alas
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Kh-47M2 Kinzhal ("Dagger") is a high-precision hypersonic aero-ballistic missile unveiled by Russian President Vladimir Putin as one of the six new Russian strategic weapons! It has a claimed range of more than 2,000 km (1,200 mi), Mach 10 speed, and an ability to perform evasive maneuvers at every stage of the flight. It can carry both conventional and nuclear warheads. Footage showed the missile being launched by MiG-31. It is already deployed at Russia's Southern Military District airbases. The missile accelerates to hypersonic speed within seconds of launch and performs maneuvers at all stages of the flight trajectory to evade enemy missile defenses. It appears that Kinzhal is an adaptation of the Iskander missile. Western commentators have been skeptical about the Russian claims for the weapon. Russia had previously claimed it was working on a hypersonic anti-ship missile called Zircon and computer generated graphics during Putin’s speech showed Kinzhal attacking surface warships, though it also reportedly has a land-attack capability. It’s unclear how the two weapons might be related, if at all, but Kinzhal could simply be an air-launched derivative of the sea-launched Zircon.
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The Russian team has finished first in the final Tank Biathlon race almost 14 minutes ahead of its nearest rivals, China’s team, the press center of the International Army Games reported. It took the Russian team 1hr 29 min 55sec to cover the distance, while the Chinese team covered it in 1 hr 43 min 42 sec. Teams from Belarus and Kazakhstan finished third and second respectively. The 2018 Tank Biathlon contest is held between July 28 and August 11 as part of the 4th International Army Games, which opened in Alabino Patriot Park outside Moscow on July 28. India has fallen out of the International Army Games 2018 being held in seven countries, even though it came exceedingly close to the Chinese teams in two competitions it was participating in. Team (up to 21 persons) Team leader Team members (4 tank crews: 3 main and 1 reserve) — 12 persons Coaching group — 2 persons Maintenance unit — 6 person Stages 1. Individual race (all teams are participating). 2. Relay race – Semifinals (12 teams are participating). 3. Relay race – Finals (4 teams are participating). Hardware: Т-72B3 tanks
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Russia is still leading in the tank biathlon at the 2017 International Army Games after a half of the races, the competition’s chief judge Colonel Roman Binyukov told reporters. "We had seven races yesterday, and the leaders have been determined. These are the crew of the Russian Federation (the first place), the People’s Republic of China (second) and then the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of Kazakhstan," Binyukov said. On Tuesday, the second crews from Belarus, Zimbabwe, Kazakhstan and Iran are taking part in Race 8. Crews from Russia, Serbia and Kyrgyzstan will also take part in Race 9. Binyukov noted that all the teams had almost tripled their hit percentage. "This is a real result, when, at the 100 hit percentage, many teams fight in the correct obstacle crossing," he said. The Games’ chief judge Major General Dmitry Gorbatenko also pointed to the grown mastery of the tank biathlon participants. "We all note the growing level of the teams that come to us for the competitions," he said, noting that the mastery was improving and the crews had reached a high level at which they fought with just seconds separating them. The Tank Biathlon international completion started at the Alabino Range on July 29 as part of the 2017 International Army Games. The semifinal races will be held on August 8-10. After the semifinal results, the best four teams will enter the final that will be held on August 12, on the Games’ closing day. This year’s Army Games are being held at 22 ranges in Russia, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and China from July 29 to August 12, with 28 countries participating.
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The nearly 74-metre-long A350-1000 (US$359.3 million) is the largest variant of the A350 family and is to seat 366 passengers in a typical three-class layout over 8,000 nautical miles (14,800 km). With a 9-abreast configuration, it is designed to replace the Airbus A340-600 and compete with the Boeing 777-300ER and Boeing 777X-9. Airbus estimates a 366-seat -1000 should have a 35t lighter operating empty weight than a 398-seat 777X-9, a 15% lower trip cost and 7% lower seat cost with a 400 nm greater range. Compared to a 360-seats 777-300ER, Airbus claims a 25% fuel burn per seat advantage for a 369-seat A350-1000. The 7 m (23 ft) extension seats 40 more with 40% more premium area. The A350-1000 has an 11-frame stretch over the −900 and will feature a slightly larger wing than the −800/900 models; a trailing-edge extension increasing its area by 4%. This will extend the high-lift devices and the ailerons, making the chord bigger by around 400 mm, optimising flap lift performance as well as cruise performance. The main landing gear is a 6-wheel bogie instead of a 4-wheel bogie, put in a one frame longer bay, and the Rolls-Royce Trent XWB engine thrust is augmented to 97,000 pounds-force (430 kN). These and other engineering upgrades are necessary so that the −1000 model does not suffer a reduction in range. In 2011, Airbus redesigned the A350-1000 with higher weights and a more powerful engine variant for more range for transpacific operations to boost its appeal to Cathay Pacific, Singapore Airlines, which committed to 20 777-9, and United Airlines, which could turn to 777-300ERs to replace its 747-400s; The Boeing 737 MAX is an American narrow-body aircraft series being developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes as the fourth generation of the Boeing 737, succeeding the Boeing 737 Next Generation. The program was launched on August 30, 2011. Wingspan: 36 m Cruise speed: 842 km/h Engine type: CFM International LEAP First flight: January 29, 2016 Unit cost: 90(MAX7)–125(MAX10) USD Introduction: May 22, 2017 with Malindo Air Program cost: airframe only: $1-1.8 billion, including engine development: $2-3bn
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International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS holds one of the leading positions among the world's largest aviation forums. The Mil Mi-28 (NATO reporting name "Havoc") is a Russian all-weather, day-night, military tandem, two-seat anti-armor attack helicopter. It is a dedicated attack helicopter with no intended secondary transport capability, better optimized than the Mil Mi-24 gunship for the role. It carries a single gun in an undernose barbette, plus external loads carried on pylons beneath stub wings. General characteristics Crew: Two: 1 pilot (rear), 1 navigator/weapons operator (front) Length: 17.91 m (58 ft 9 in) Rotor diameter: 17.20 m (56 ft 5 in) Height: 3.82 m (12.5 ft (150 in)) Disc area: 232.35 m² (2,501 ft²) Empty weight: 7,890 kg (17,400 lb) Loaded weight: 10,500 kg (23,150 lb) Max. takeoff weight: 11,700 kg (25,800 lb) Powerplant: 2 × Klimov TV3-117 turboshaft, 1,636 kW (2,194 shp) each Performance Maximum speed: 324 km/h (175 knots, 201 mph) Cruise speed: 265 km/h (145 knots, 164 mph) Range: 435 km (234 nmi, 270 mi) Combat radius: 200 km (108 nmi, 124 mi) ; with 10 min loiter and 5% reserves Ferry range: 1,105 km (595 nmi, 685 mi) Service ceiling: 4,950 m (16,250 ft) Rate of climb: 13.6 m/s (816 m/min, 2,677 ft/min) Power/mass: 0.31 kw/kg for TV3-117 () Hovering ceiling: 3,600 m (11,811 ft) Armament Guns: 1× chin-mounted 30 mm Shipunov 2A42 cannon with 250 rounds (±110° horizontal fire) Hardpoints: Two pylons under each stub wing to mount bombs, rockets, missiles, and gun pods. Main armament configurations include: 16 Ataka-V anti-tank missiles and 40 S-8 rockets, Or 16 Ataka-V anti-tank missiles, and 10 S-13 rocket, Or 16 Ataka-V anti-tank missiles, and two 23 mm Gsh-23L gun pods with 250 rounds each. Other ordnance: 9K118 Sheksna, 9A-2200, and 9M123 Khrizantema anti-tank missiles, 8 Igla-V and Vympel R-73 air-to-air missiles, 2 KMGU-2 mine dispensers The multirole Mi-35M attack helicopter is a comprehensive modernisation of the Mi-24V. The Mi-35M was developed by the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant, and has been series produced at Rostvertol since 2005. The Mi-35M offers round the clock: Combat use of guided and unguided weapons in regular and challenging climate conditions; Operational for attack flights at altitudes of 10-25 m daytime and 50 m at night over land or water. For round-the-clock combat use, the Mi-35M is equipped with the latest navigation and avionics suite with multifunction coloured displays, target sights system that includes a thermal imager and TV channels, laser range finder and location finder. The Mi-35M is distinguished by its improved construction. It is equipped with the latest Klimov-produced powerful VK-2500 turboshaft engines, fibreglass main rotor blades, main rotor head with elastomeric joints, a new swashplate and X-type tail rotor. The Mi-35M’s fuselage boasts shortened stub wings and fixed landing gear. The Mi-35M boasts enhanced flight capabilities, and can be operated at high temperatures and in mountainous terrain. The Mi-35M’s design ensures low noise levels, greater combat resilience, and reduces the workload on maintenance staff. In addition to its attack capabilities, the Mi-35M can also be used in other operations: Landing-transporting up to 8 paratroopers, with equipment, in the transport cabin; Transporting military supplies or other cargo weighing up to 1,500 kg internally. The Mi-35M is also fitted with an external sling system, expanding its cargo carrying capacity to 2,400 kg. Medical uses include carrying the sick and injured along with medical personnel. Mi-24/25/35 helicopters have proved their high levels of operational efficiency over many years in service. The Mi-35M combines this unique experience of combat operation with the latest achievements and developments in helicopter building. The Mi-35 is operated by the Armed Forces of Russia, Venezuela, Brazil and Azerbaijan. The Mil Mi-26 (Russian: Миль Ми-26, NATO reporting name: Halo) is a Soviet/Russian heavy transport helicopter. Its product code is izdeliye 90. Operated by both military and civilian operators, it is the largest and most powerful helicopter to have gone into series production. General characteristics Crew: Five: 2 pilots, 1 navigator, 1 flight engineer, 1 flight technician Capacity: 90 troops or 60 stretchers 20,000 kg cargo (44,090 lb) Length: 40.025 m (131 ft 3¾ in) (rotors turning) Rotor diameter: 32.00 m (105 ft 0 in) Height: 8.145 m (26 ft 8¾ in) Disc area: 804.25 m2 (8,656.8 ft²) Empty weight: 28,200 kg (62,170 lb) Loaded weight: 49,600 kg (109,350 lb) Max. takeoff weight: 56,000 kg (123,450 lb) Main rotor speed: 132 RPM Powerplant: 2 × Lotarev D-136 turboshafts, 8,500 kW (11,399 shp) each Performance Maximum speed: 295 km/h (159 kn, 183 mph) Cruise speed: 255 km/h (137 kn, 158 mph) Range: 800 km (430 nmi; 500 mi) () Ferry range: 1,920 km (1,036 nmi, 1,190 mi) (with auxiliary tanks) Service ceiling: 4,600 m (15,100 ft)
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The 2S4 Tyulpan is a Soviet self-propelled mortar. The crew consists of four men, but an extra five are required to operate the mortar. This has a range of 9,650 m but an extended range munition exists with a possible range of 20,000 m. Due to the large size of the weapon and the weight of the ammunition (130 kg for a standard projectile) it has a slow rate of fire: one round per minute. In addition to the high explosive bombs, it can fire armour-piercing, chemical and nuclear rounds. It can also fire the "Smel'chak" ("Daredevil"), a laser-guided round. The Tyulpan is currently the heaviest mortar in deployment among any country. The 2S34 Hosta is a modernized version of the 2S1 Gvosdika. However upgraded artillery system is a howitzers/mortar rather than howitzer. The 2S34 Hosta was developed in line with changing battlefield requirements of the Russian Army.. Russian Army ordered the 2S34 Hosta in 2011. First production artillery systems were delivered in 2012. Currently approximately 30 of these artillery systems are in service with the Russian Army. It is also proposed for export customers. A number of improvements and modifications were made in order to transform the 2S1 Gvasdika into 2S34 Hosta. It uses the same chassis, but has a new turret with new weapons. It uses some systems of the 2S31 Vena self-propelled mortar. It is worth noting that the 2S34 Hosta is proposed as a cheaper, but less capable alternative to the 2S31 Vena. The original 122-mm howitzer of the 2S1 Gvosdika was replaced with a new 2A80-1 120-mm rifled gun/mortar. It has a semi-automatic loading system. This weapon evolved from that, used on the 2S31 Vena self-propelled mortar. Comparing with original 2S1 Gvosdika the 2S34 Hosta has a slightly reduced range. However it has twice the rate of fire and is overall a more versatile weapon. There is a roof-mounted 7.62-mm machine gun for self-defense. Worth noting that the older 2S1 Gvosdika lacked any secondary weapons. The 2S34 also has new fire control system that promises improved accuracy. This artillery system is also proposed with downgraded fire control system in order to keep the price down. The Hosta uses the same chassis as the 2S1 Gvosdika. It is based on a modified MT-LB multi-purpose tracked armored vehicle chassis. The Hosta is operated by a crew of 4, including commander, gunner, loader and driver. Vehicle is powered by a YamAZ-238N turbocharged diesel engine, developing 300 hp. The 2S19 "Msta-S" (Russian: Мста, after the Msta River) is a self-propelled 152.4 mm howitzer designed by Russia/Soviet Union, which entered service in 1989 as the successor to the SO-152. The vehicle is based on the T-80 tank hull, but is powered by the T-72's diesel engine. Msta-S howitzers were used by Russian Army to deliver artillery strikes against Chechen separatists during the Second Chechen War. Msta-S howitzers have also been used in the War in Donbass by the Ukrainian Army as well as pro-Russian separatists who captured one machine during the conflict. The BMPT "Terminator" is a post-Cold war armored fighting vehicle (AFV), designed and manufactured by the Russian company Uralvagonzavod. This AFV is armed with four 9M120 Ataka missile launchers, two 30 mm 2A42 autocannons, two AG-17D grenade launchers, and one coaxial 7.62 mm PKTM machine gun. The BMPT is built on the chassis of the T-72 main battle tank which is used in large numbers by the Russian Army and has been manufactured under license by many other countries. The BMPT was designed based on combat experience gained during the Soviet war in Afghanistan and the First Chechen War. T-80U-E1 When upgrading a tank is installed: - The fighting compartment of the T-80UD; - Gas turbine engine GTD-1250 power 1250 hp; - Air intake device which allows to overcome without preparation fording depth of up to 1.8 m; - Stand-alone power unit rated at 18 kW; This APU reduces fuel consumption as the main engine can be shut down and the electronics and heating powered by APU instead - Input Device Amendments OHR 1V216M for 15 types of ballistics; - Built-in explosive reactive armor on the sides and the VFD; - Introduced measures to reduce fuel consumption.
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Pyotr Velikiy (Russian: Пётр Великий) is the fourth Kirov-class battlecruiser of the Russian Navy. Initially named Yuri Andropov. The Russian designation for the type is "heavy missile cruiser", but Western defense commentators re-invented the term "battlecruiser" to describe these as they are the largest surface combatant warships in the world. Pyotr Velikiy is the flagship of the Northern Fleet. Displacement: 24,300 tons (standard), 28,000 tons (full load) Length: 252 m (827 ft), 230 m (750 ft) (waterline) Beam: 28.5 m (94 ft) Draft: 9.1 m (30 ft) Installed power: 140,000 shp (100,000 kW) Propulsion: 2-shaft, nuclear propulsion with steam turbine boost Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h) Range: 1,000 nautical miles (1,850 km) at 30 knots (56 km/h) (combined propulsion), Essentially unlimited with nuclear power at 20 knots (37 km/h) Complement: 727 Aircrew: 18 Flag staff: 15 Sensors and processing systems: Voskhod MR-800 (Top Pair) 3D search radar on foremast Fregat MR-710 (Top Steer) 3D search radar on main mast 2 × Palm Frond navigation radar on foremast 1 aft × Top Dome for SA-N-6 fire control 1 forward x Tomb Stone (Passive electronically scanned array) 4 × Bass Tilt for AK-630 CIWS System fire control 2 × Eye Bowl for SA-N-4 fire control Horse Jaw LF hull sonar Horse Tail VDS (Variable Depth Sonar) Armament: 20 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) anti-ship missiles 16 × 8 (128) 3K95 "Kinzhal" (SA-N-9) surface-to-air missiles 6 × 8 (48) S-300FM Fort-M surface-to-air missiles 6 × 8 (48) S-300 (missile) Fort surface-to-air missiles 44 OSA-MA (SA-N-4 Gecko) PD SAM 2 × RBU-1000 (Smerch-3) 305 mm ASW rocket launchers 2 × RBU-12000 (Udav-1) 254 mm ASW rocket launchers 1 twin AK-130 130 mm/L70 dual purpose gun 10 533 mm ASW/ASuW torpedo tubes, Type 53 torpedo or SS-N-15 ASW missile 6 × Kashtan (CADS-N-1) point defense gun/missile system Armour: 76 mm plating around reactor compartment, light splinter protection Aircraft carried: 3 × Kamov Ka-27 "Helix" or Ka-25 "Hormone" Aviation facilities: Below-deck hangar The Project 941 or Akula, Russian "Акула" ("Shark") class submarine (NATO reporting name: Typhoon) is a type of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine deployed by the Soviet Navy in the 1980s. With a submerged displacement of 48,000 tonnes, the Typhoons are the largest class of submarine ever built, large enough to accommodate decent living facilities for the crew when submerged for months on end. The source of the NATO reporting name remains unclear, although it is often claimed to be related to the use of the word "Typhoon" ("тайфун") by Leonid Brezhnev in a 1974 speech while describing a new type of nuclear ballistic missile submarine, as a reaction to the US Navy Ohio-class submarines. The Russian Navy canceled its Typhoon modernization program in March 2012, stating that modernizing one Typhoon would be as expensive as building two new Borei-class submarines. With the announcement that Russia has eliminated the last SS-N-20 Sturgeon SLBMs in September 2012, the remaining Typhoons have reached the end of service. In the future maybe will carry Poseidon a nuclear-armed underwater drone. Displacement: 23,200–24,500 t (22,830–24,110 long tons) surfaced 33,800–48,000 t (33,270–47,240 long tons) submerged Length: 175 m (574 ft 2 in) Beam: 23 m (75 ft 6 in) Draught: 12 m (39 ft 4 in) Propulsion: 2 × OK-650 pressurized-water nuclear reactors, 190 MWt each 2 × VV-type steam turbines, 37 MW (49,600 hp) each 2 shafts with 7-bladed shrouded screws Speed: 22.22 knots (41.15 km/h; 25.57 mph) surfaced 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph) submerged Endurance: 120+ days submerged Test depth: 400 m (1,300 ft) Complement: 160 Armament: 1 × 9K38 Igla SAM 6 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes RPK-2 Viyuga cruise missiles Type 53 torpedoes D-19 launch system 20 × RSM-52 SLBMs
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The LRSVM (Lanser Raketa Samohodni Visecevni Modularni) or Lanser artillery rocket system was recently developed in Serbia by the VTI military technical institute. It is also referred as Morava. This artillery system is being proposed for Serbian military. Field trials were successfully completed in 2015. It is planned that the system will enter service with a Serbian Army by the end of 2015. The LRSVM artillery rocket system is intended for unexpected and rapid strikes against enemy troops and non-armored vehicles. This system features high firepower, long range, high operational and tactical mobility. The LRSVM uses a modified version of the Oganj 122-mm launcher. It has modular containers for 122-mm and 128-mm rockets. It can fire standard 122-mm BM-21 Grad rockets, newly developed Grad-M and Grad-2000 extended-range rockets, as well as 128-mm rockets of the Oganj and short-range rockets of the Plamen. This multiple launch rocket system carries two modular rocket pods with 16 Grad, or 12 Oganj rockets each. Full capacity is 32 122-mm or 24 128-mm rockets. Maximum range of fire is 35 km with 122-mm rockets. A standard version of the LRSVM has fully-automatic aiming controls. Launching vehicle is fitted with a GPS unit for automatic positioning. It may posses a Serbian fire control system. Vehicle has ballistic computer with automatic or manual data input and firing elements computation. Rockets are launched directly form the cab or remotely form the vehicle. The LRSVM can fire single rockets or full salvo. A crew of three prepares this artillery system for firing within 45 seconds. It leaves firing position within 30 seconds. While travelling the rocket launcher is covered by hydraulically operated canvas cover, which makes it hard to recognize, as vehicle looks like an ordinary light utility truck. Also it protects the launcher from adverse weather effects. The LRSVM launcher is mounted on the Serbian FAP 1118BS cross-country truck with 4x4 configuration. It is powered by a Mercedes-Benz OM 904 LA turbocharged diesel engine, developing 174 hp. This military truck is fitted with a central tyre inflation system, which is controlled from the cabin. The LRSVM has an operational temperature range from -30°C to +50°C.
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During Zhuhai Airshow 2018, multiple active service J-20s conducted more comprehensive displays lasting multiple minutes, on multiple days. The J-20 demonstrations started with a three or four ship formation overflight, leading into a series of tight turns and impressive climbs, showcasing arguably the most brisk maneuvers that have ever been observed from the J-20. Videos and photos taken at the scene show some of the best J-20 photos ever taken to date, with impressive vortex and condensation generation effects atop the aircraft in a manner never captured before! The Chengdu J-20 (simplified Chinese: 歼-20; traditional Chinese: 殲-20) is a single-seat, twinjet, all-weather, stealth fifth-generation fighter aircraft developed by China's Chengdu Aerospace Corporation for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF). The J-20 is designed as an air superiority fighter with precision strike capability; it descends from the J-XX program of the 1990s. The J-20 made its maiden flight on 11 January 2011, and was officially revealed at the 2016 China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition.The aircraft was in military service by March 2017, with the aircraft officially entering combat training phase in September 2017.Combat units began inducting the aircraft in February 2018. The J-20 is the world's third operational fifth-generation stealth fighter aircraft, and the first in Asia. General characteristics Crew: one (pilot) Length: 20.4 m (66.8 ft) Wingspan: 13.5 m (44.2 ft) Wing area: 78 m2 (840 sq ft) Empty weight: 19,391 kg (42,750 lb) Gross weight: 32,092 kg (70,750 lb) Max takeoff weight: 37,013 kg (81,600 lb) Fuel capacity: 25,000 lb Powerplant: 2 × WS-10B turbofan, 140 kN (32,000 lbf) with afterburner Maximum speed: Mach 2.5+ Wing loading: 340 kg/m2 (69 lb/sq ft) Thrust/weight: 1+ Armament Internal weapon bays PL-10 short range AAM PL-12 Medium Range AAM PL-15 BVR long range AAM PL-21 Long Range AAM LS-6 Precision-guided bomb External hardpoints 4× under-wing pylon capable of carrying drop tanks. Avionics Type 1475 (KLJ-5) active electronically scanned array EOTS-86 electro-optical targeting system (EOTS) EORD-31 infrared search and track Distributed aperture system
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The "Platform-O" [Programma Orazvitiya = Development Program] experimental Special Wheeled Chassis and Tractor (SKShT) was created by KAMAZ for the new RS-26 Rubezh / Avangard Road Mobile ICBM, the replacement for the Topol-M and Yars missile systems. As recently as August 2018, this new transporter was clearly not ready for prime time, and debugging this buggy may delay deployment of the new RS-26 Rubezh ICBM. At present, the mobile complexes Topol-M and Yars use Belarusian multi-axle chassis manufactured by the Minsk Wheel Tractor Plant [MZKT]. The external similarity is due to the split cabs, which is the only possible layout of the chassis, designed for a long rocket. The external similarity is enhanced by the same dimensionality of the tires in the KamAZ and MZKT chassis (1600x600x685 mm). It was expected that the full transition to the new high-modular chassis platform will occur within the next 10 years. The chassis of KAMAZ-78504 type have the same configuration and frame structure, mounting seats for fastening special installations, practically the same distance from the rear wall of the engine compartment to the front dimension of the target load, the same base, the same value of the rear overhang parameters from the chassis of the type MZKT-7930. The declared total mass is higher for KAMAZ, although the speed parameters are not known. It is clear why, so that without problems for the developers of the target load to replace the chassis type MZKT-7930 of various modifications on the chassis of the KAMAZ-78504 type. To the family of chassis on the OCD "Platform are": K7850 with a wheel arrangement of 16x16 with a load capacity of 85 tons K78504 - a truck tractor with a wheel formula 8x8 for towing trailed systems with a mass of 90-165 tons and a ballast tractor with a wheel formula 8x8 for towing trailer systems weighing up to 75 tons K78509 with the wheel formula 12x12 with carrying capacity of 50 tons
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The U.S. Air Force has awarded Boeing USD 9.2 billion for the development of a new advanced pilot training system that will help train fighter and bomber pilots for generations to come. Boeing is the designated prime contractor for the Advanced Pilot Training Program. Saab is a risk-sharing partner with Boeing in the development of the T-X aircraft. At this stage, Saab has not received an order from Boeing. “This selection allows our two companies to deliver on a commitment we jointly made nearly five years ago,” says Håkan Buskhe, President and CEO of Saab. “It is a major accomplishment for our partnership with Boeing and our joint team, and I look forward to delivering the first trainer aircraft to the U.S. Air Force.” “Today’s announcement is the culmination of years of unwavering focus by the Boeing and Saab team,” says Leanne Caret, President and CEO, Boeing Defense, Space & Security. “It is a direct result of our joint investment in developing a system centered on the unique requirements of the U.S. Air Force. We expect T-X to be a franchise program for much of this century.” The initial USD 813 million contract to Boeing covers the engineering and manufacturing development (EMD) of the first five aircraft and seven simulators. The Boeing T-X is a single-engine advanced jet-trainer with a twin tail, tandem seating, and a retractable tricycle landing gear. The aircraft is powered by a General Electric F404 afterburning turbofan engine. The twin-tails provide better stability and control and the aircraft is capable of in-flight refueling using the boom and receptacle (also called the flying boom system).[citation needed The Boeing T-X with related ground-based training and support is being developed and offered by Boeing with its Swedish aerospace group partner, Saab for the U.S. Air Force T-X program to replace the Northrop T-38 Talon for pilot training. Boeing and Saab signed a partnership agreement for the USAF T-X competition on 6 December 2013. The aircraft was revealed on 13 September 2016. The first BTX-1 aircraft flew on 20 December 2016. On 27 September 2018, the Boeing T-X entry was officially announced to become the U.S. Air Force's new advanced jet trainer, replacing the T-38 Talon. The Air Force launched the competition in a move to replace its T-38 fleet, which has been in service for more than five decades, and the looks to buy as many as 350 new trainers.
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The Mikoyan Skat (from Russian ‘Скат’ - “manta ray”) is a concept of a strike unmanned combat aerial vehicle developed by the Mikoyan for the Russian Defense Ministry. It is being also developed into the 20-ton Okhotnik-B stealth strike UCAV by the Sukhoi. SKAT is a low-observable, subsonic craft meant to carry weapons in two ventral weapons bays large enough for missiles such as the Kh-31, powered by a single Klimov RD-5000B turbofan engine, a variant of the RD-93. Possible roles include the suppression and attack of enemy air defenses. The first version of Skat to fly is planned to be piloted in order to meet Russian flight regulations. A number of aerodynamic configurations have been wind tunnel-tested, including with small twin fins. MiG has settled on a tailless configuration. The single-engine subsonic design has an 11.5 meter (37.7 ft) wingspan, and is 10.25 meters (33.6 ft) long. The UCAV has a maximum takeoff weight of ten tons, with a maximum speed of 800 kilometers per hour (497 mph) at low altitude. It is intended to carry a combat load of up to two tons, with a combat radius of 2000 km (1240 miles) As Chief executive officer of RSK "MiG", Sergei Korotkov said to the press earlier, the development of Skat was discontinued. By the decision of Russian Defence Ministry Sukhoi Holding became the new Head Developer of the Strike UCAV project. Still, Skat experience would be used by Sukhoi. RSK "MiG" specialists are expected to work on the new project. On 3 June 2013, MiG signed a research and development contract to build a UCAV, based on the Skat design. As of 2018, Sukhoi is developing it into the 20-ton Okhotnik-B stealth strike UCAV. In September 2018, it was reported the MiG has revived the program and that works on the Mikoyan Skat UCAV are currently underway. Crew: none Length: 10.25 m (33.6 ft in) Wingspan: 11.5 m (37.7 ft in) Powerplant: 1 × Klimov RD-5000B, 50.4 kN (11,340 lbf) thrust Performance Maximum speed: 850 km/h (497 mph) Service ceiling: 15,000 m (39,370 ft) Armament Up to 2 tons of weapons in internal bays
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The State Department announced it had approved a $3.9 billion sale to NATO member Romania for Patriot air and missile defense systems. The Pentagon’s Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress of the foreign military sale for seven Raytheon-made Patriot systems, including 28 launching stations, 56 guidance enhanced missiles and 168 Patriot Advanced Capabilty-3 (PAC-3) missiles. “Romania will use the Patriot missile system to strengthen its homeland defense and deter regional threats,” the agency said in the deal announcement. “The proposed sale will increase the defensive capabilities of the Romanian military to guard against aggression and shield the NATO allies who often train and operate within Romania’s borders.” Romanian officials in April said the country plans to use the Patriot missiles to help protect its airspace, as part of a plan to modernize its military. A U.S. ballistic missile defense station is already stationed in the nation south of Ukraine. The sale is likely to draw the ire of Russia, which asserts that the missile defense systems in eastern Europe are a "great danger." Russian President Vladimir Putin has said his country will be forced to enhance its own missile strike capability in response. PAC-3 Missile Air Defense System Enemy tactical ballistic missiles, cruise missiles and aircraft have met their match. Meet the Patriot Advanced Capability – 3 (PAC-3) interceptor – one of the most advanced, capable and powerful terminal air defense missiles in the world. The PAC-3 Missile uses a solid propellant rocket motor, aerodynamic controls, attitude control motors (ACMs) and inertial guidance to navigate. The missile flies to an intercept point specified prior to launch by its ground-based fire solution computer, which is embedded in the engagement control station. Target trajectory data can be updated during missile flyout by means of a radio frequency uplink/downlink. Shortly before arrival at the intercept point, the PAC-3 Missile’s on board Ka band seeker acquires the target, selects the optimal aim point and terminal guidance is initiated. The ACMs, which are small, short duration solid propellant rocket motors located in the missile forebody, fire explosively to refine the missile’s course to assure bodyto-body impact. The PAC-3 MSE Missile was selected by the U.S. as the primary interceptor for the multi-national MEADS. Managed by the NATO MEADS Management Agency (NAMEADSMA), MEADS is a model transatlantic development program focused on the next generation of air and missile defense. Music: https://www.bensound.com/royalty-free-music
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Moscow sent two of its most advanced fighter jets to Syria yesterday. The Su-57s flew into Khmeimim air base yesterday, representing a major escalation of Russian air power in the region. The deployment is a chance to test the jet in real-world conditions, but Russia risks losing the aircraft to guerrilla warfare—particularly drone attacks. The Sukhoi PAK FA (Russian: Сухой ПАК ФА, Russian: Перспективный авиационный комплекс фронтовой авиации, Perspektivny Aviatsionny Kompleks Frontovoy Aviatsii, literally "Prospective Airborne Complex of Frontline Aviation") is a fifth-generation fighter aircraft programme of the Russian Air Force. T-50 is the name of the prototype aircraft designed by Sukhoi for the PAK FA programme. It is a stealth, single-seat, twin-engine jet fighter aircraft. It is a multirole fighter designed for air superiority and attack roles. The PAK FA will be the first aircraft in Russian military service to use stealth technology. The fighter is planned to have supercruise, stealth, supermaneuverability, and advanced avionics to overcome the prior generation of fighter aircraft as well as ground and maritime defences. The PAK FA is intended to be the successor to the MiG-29 and Su-27 in the Russian Air Force and serve as the basis for the Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) being co-developed by Sukhoi and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force. The T-50 prototype first flew on 29 January 2010 and deliveries of production aircraft to the Russian Air Force are to begin in 2018. The prototypes and initial production batch will be delivered with a highly upgraded variant of the AL-31F used by the Su-27 family as interim engines while a new clean-sheet design powerplant is currently under development. The aircraft is expected to have a service life of up to 35 years General characteristics Crew: 1 Length: 19.8 m (65 ft) Wingspan: 13.95 m (45 ft 10 in) Height: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in) Wing area: 78.8 m² (848.1 ft²) Empty weight: 18,000 kg (39,680 lb) Loaded weight: 25,000 kg (55,115 lb) typical mission weight, 29,270 kg (64,530 lb) at full load Max. takeoff weight: 35,000 kg (77,160 lb) Fuel capacity: 10,300 kg (22,700 lb) Powerplant: 2 × Saturn AL-41F1 for initial production, izdeliye 30 for later production turbofans Dry thrust: 93.1 kN / 107 kN (21,000 lbf / 24,300 lbf) each Thrust with afterburner: 147 kN / 167 kN (33,067 lbf / 37,500 lbf) each Performance Maximum speed: At altitude: Mach 2 (2,140 km/h; 1,320 mph) Supercruise: Mach 1.6 (1,700 km/h; 1,060 mph) Range: 3,500 km (2,175 mi; 1,890 nmi) subsonic 1,500 km (930 mi; 810 nmi) supersonic Ferry range: 5,500 km (3,420 mi; 2,970 nmi)  Service ceiling: 20,000 m (65,000 ft) Wing loading: 317–444 kg/m² (65–91 lb/ft²) Thrust/weight: AL-41F1: 1.02 (1.19 at typical mission weight) izdeliye 30: 1.16 (1.36 at typical mission weight) Maximum g-load: +9 g Armament Guns: 1 × 30 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-301 autocannon in right LEVCON root Hardpoints: 12 hardpoints (6 × internal, 6 × external) and provisions to carry combinations of: Missiles: Air-to-air missiles: 4 × RVV-MD 2 × R-73 Air-to-surface missiles: 4 × Kh-38ME Anti-ship missiles: 2 × Kh-35E Anti-radiation missiles: 4 × Kh-58UShKE Avionics Sh121 multifunctional integrated radio electronic system (MIRES) Byelka radar N036-1-01: Frontal X-band active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar N036B-1-01: Cheek X-band AESA radars for increased angular coverage N036L-1-01: Slat L-band arrays for IFF L402 Himalayas electronic countermeasure suite 101KS Atoll electro-optical targeting system 101KS-O: Laser Directional Infrared Counter Measures 101KS-V: Infra-red search and track 101KS-U: Ultraviolet missile approach warning system 101KS-N: Targeting pod
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The company Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) unveiled a new model of a "flying munition" under the name Mini Harpy. The Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has posted online a promotional video telling about the new "drone kamikaze" Mini Harpy. According to the developers, the new "disposable" drone designed to fight a variety of enemy vehicles. In a hosted video on the role of targets for drone selected mobile radar, almost one-in-one like all-altitude detector 96Л6Е on the chassis MZKT-7930, used in Russian missile systems s-300 and s-400. Does it mean that the new drone is "locked" on the destruction of the radar stations, is not known. Currently, information on the new drone is not a lot. The company suggests that Mini Harpy weighs 45 kg, can stay aloft for up to two hours and maintain communication with the operator at a distance of one hundred kilometers. The warhead weight of 8 kg. drone is Developed on the basis of loitering munitions Harop and Harpy. First company IAI showed a line of drones-"kamikaze" in February 2016 at the international exhibition of aerospace industry Singapore Airshow 2016
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The GAZ Tigr (Russian: Тигр and English: Tiger) is a Russian 4x4, multipurpose, all-terrain infantry mobility vehicle manufactured by GAZ, first delivered to the Russian Army in 2006. Primarily used by the Russian Federation's armed forces, it is also used by numerous other countries. The Military-Industrial Company (VPK) is displaying the upgraded Tigr 4x4 armoured vehicle at the Army 2018 defence show in Kubinka, near Moscow. The upgrade is based on combat experience gained during operations in Syria. Designated the ASN 233115 Tigr-M SpN, the upgraded vehicle is intended for reconnaissance, escort, patrol, and fire support missions. The ASN 233115 has a monocoque welded three-door hull, providing Level 1 STANAG 4569 protection against 5.56 mm and 7.62 mm steel core bullets. The vehicle, which has a laden weight of 7,932 kg, can carry up to six fully equipped soldiers and has a useful payload of 1,200 kg. The ASN 233115 is powered by a 215hp YaMZ-5347-10 multifuel turbocharged diesel engine, producing a top speed of 120 km/h and a range of 1,000 km. The upgraded Tigr-M SpN has greater ground clearance than the baseline AMN 233114 Tigr-M, as well as a protected engine compartment. VPK told Jane’s , “Traditional less-protected seats have been replaced by anti-blast ones to increase crew survivability. There is an option to reinforce the windshield and windows with shockproof steel cages. Tigr-M During the 2010 Interpolitex exhibition, the Multi-purpose Armored Vehicle (Ru:автомобиля многоцелевого назначения (АМН)) AMS 233 114 Tigr-M was presented by the Military Industrial Company. It featured a new YaMZ-534 diesel engine, a new armored hood, air filter installation, an increase in the number of rear passenger seats (from 8 to 9) and the replacement of the bicuspid rear hatch with a large square hatch. Currently, the Tigr-M is mass-produced and supplied to the Russian Army, including with the new Arbalet-DM remote control weapons station which is composed of 12.7mm Kord or 7.62mm PKTM machine guns.
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At least four F-117 ‘Nighthawk’ stealth fighters were deployed to the Middle East as an operational need emerged for the United States Air Force. “Back in 2017, and not published by any other source so far, Scramble received very reliable information that at least four F-117s were deployed to the Middle East as an operational need emerged for the USAF to resurrect the stealth F-117 for special purposes”, reported aviation magazine. Also added that one of the deployed aircraft was involved in an in-flight emergency and landed far away from its temporary home base that was likely located in Saudi Arabia, the UAE or Qatar. The worlds first operational stealth fighter, the F-117 Nighthawk made its maiden flight on 18 June, 1981. In the ensuing years, the project would be kept under the strictest of secrecy, with all training conducted at night, prepping the Nighthawk for its stunning debut over the skies of Iraq. Over the ensuring weeks, Nighthawks would strike with remarkable accuracy, helping bring the campaign to a successful end in just 43 days. The Nighthawk wasn’t revealed to the public until 1988. Although retired in 2008, the F-117 would be the basis upon which subsequent stealth fighters, including the F-22 Raptor and F-35 Lightning II, would be designed
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Bucharest, Romania, 24 August 2017 – Airbus Helicopters and IAR, Romania’s leading aerospace company, have decided to extend their exclusive cooperation on the H215M multirole helicopter. Under this general agreement IAR will become the prime contractor for the H215M for any future order by the Romanian Ministry of Defense to replace their ageing fleet. Initially signed for 5 years, the agreement has been extended to 15 years, further underlining the commitment of Airbus Helicopters and IAR to jointly contribute to the modernization of the Romanian armed forces fleet of multirole helicopters in the long term. The announcement took place during French President Emmanuel Macron’s official visit to Bucharest and in presence of Romanian President Klaus Iohannis. “We are proud to have extended this agreement as a result of a long term trust between IAR and Airbus Helicopters” said Neculai Banea, General Director of IAR. “IAR has built over 360 helicopters under Airbus Helicopters’ license over the past decades, which makes us confident in the future success of the H215M” he added. Under this agreement, IAR will act as prime contractor for all future H215M orders that could be placed by the Romanian Ministry of Defense. It also covers cooperation between Airbus Helicopters and IAR on the production, assembly, customization, support and maintenance of the H215M helicopters destined to the Romanian Armed Forces, and export if opportunities arise. “This 15-year agreement puts IAR and Airbus Helicopters in the best position to meet the future needs of the Romanian Armed Forces as they look at renewing their fleets of medium and heavy multirole helicopters” said Olivier Michalon, Airbus Helicopters Senior Vice President, Head of Europe region. “Our goal of delivering superior value for our Romanian customers by offering the most complete line of products and services underlines Airbus’ unfaltering commitment to Romania. Each major Airbus business unit contributes directly to the strengthening of the European defence industrial base. Today Airbus already accounts for over 5,000 direct and indirect jobs in Romania, through its divisions, Helicopters and Defence and Space, Commercial Airplanes with Premium Aerotec, as well as industrial partners like Aerostar, Turbomecanica, Aeroteh, Aerofina, etc., making the company the largest aerospace investor in the country,” he added. Airbus Helicopters has been present in Romania for over fifteen years through its customer centre, Airbus Helicopters Romania, a successful enterprise since its creation with about 75 per cent of its turnover achieved through export contracts. Airbus Helicopters Industries, a 10,000m² factory based in Brasov, was inaugurated in 2016 and will house production of the H215 in Romania. General characteristics Crew: 2 Capacity: 20 troops Length: 15.53 m (50 ft 11½ in) Rotor diameter: 15.6 m (51 ft 2 in) Height: 4.92 m (16 ft 2 in) Disc area: 206 m² (2,217 ft²) Empty weight: 4,350 kg (9,590 lb) Useful load: 4,650 kg (10,250 lb) Max. takeoff weight: 9,000 kg (19,840 lb) Powerplant: 2 × Turbomeca Makila 1A1 turboshaft, 1,185 kW (1,589 shp) each Performance Never exceed speed: 278 km/h (150 knots, 173 mph) Maximum speed: 249 km/h (134 knots, 154 mph) Cruise speed: 239 km/h (129 knots, 148 mph) Range: 573 km (310 nm, 357 mi) Service ceiling: 3,450 m (11,319 ft) Rate of climb: 7.2 m/s (1,417 ft/min) BIG thanks to Radio Bikini for the music soundtrack STARLOST by Larry Hruby https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC-05BOQu6AFzJ35qsqOFZWg/videos
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