PIP assessments: 'Lack of trust' in benefits systems
Details of the exceptions to copyright that allow limited use of copyright works without the permission of the copyright owner.
Published 12 June 2014
Last updated 18 November 2014 — see all updates
Intellectual Property Office UK
Fair dealing for criticism, review or quotation is allowed for any type of copyright work. Fair dealing with a work for the purpose of reporting current events is allowed for any type of copyright work other than a photograph. In each of these cases, a sufficient acknowledgement will be required.
As stated, a photograph cannot be reproduced for the purpose of reporting current events. The intention of the law is to prevent newspapers or magazines reproducing photographs for reporting current events which have appeared in competitor’s publications.
Helping disabled people
There are 2 exceptions to copyright for the benefit of disabled people. These exceptions cover you if you have a physical or mental impairment which prevents you from accessing copyright protected materials.
One exception allows you, or someone acting on your behalf, to make a copy of a lawfully obtained copyright work if you make it in a format that helps you access the material. For example, if you buy a book from a shop then make a Braille copy to help with a visual impairment then you are not infringing the copyright in the book.
You are entitled to make an accessible copy, or have someone else make one for you, if:
you lawfully own, or have the right to use a copy of the work (for example, you own it or have borrowed it from a library), but the work is inaccessible because of a physical or mental impairment
a copy that would be accessible to you is not commercially available
The second exception permits educational establishments and charity organisations to make accessible format-copies of protected works on behalf of disabled people. The exception permits acts such as:
making braille, audio or large-print copies of books, newspapers or magazines for visually-impaired people
adding audio-description to films or broadcasts for visually-impaired people
making sub-titled films or broadcasts for deaf or hard of hearing people
making accessible copies of books, newspapers or magazines for dyslexic people
However, this exception does not apply when suitable accessible copies are commercially available.
Please note that no-one can make a profit out of helping you make an accessible copy, but they are able to charge a fee covering any costs they incur in making and supplying such a copy.
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