THE GEOGRAPHY OF ATLANTIS
A vast southeastern part of the Asian continental shelf was exposed during the Ice Age, geologically named as the Sundaland. The Sundaland included the Malay Peninsula on the Asian mainland, as well as the large islands of Kalimantan, Java, and Sumatera and their surrounding islands.
The sea level at the time of Atlantis, about 11,600 years ago, was approximately 60 meters below the present-day sea level.
“Atlantis was the way to other islands, and from there might pass to the opposite continent which encompasses the true ocean.” “The land of Atlantis is larger than Libya and Asia Minor.” “The region on the side of the ocean was said to be very lofty and precipitous.” The capital city was “inside a strait and in a sea encircled by a boundless continent.” These are confirms the Sundaland location of Atlantis.
Atlantis had “sun in the above”, “benefit of the annual rainfall”, “abundance of water”, “excellently attempered climate” and “summer and winter seasons”. These are strongly characterize a tropical climate.
Atlantis had “full of rich earth”, “abundance of wood”, “cultivation by true farmers”, “noble nature”, “best soil in the world”, “abundance of animals”, “coconuts”, “spice products” and “two harvests each year”. The abundance of food and wood was needed to sustain more than twenty million population, to create more than a million soldiers and to build more than two hundred ships, which was not possible in the other parts of the world during the era.
There was “a level plain, smooth and even, descended towards the sea”, “surrounded by mountains celebrated for their number, size and beauty”, “looked towards the south and sheltered from the north” and “with wealthy villages of country folk, rivers, lakes, and meadows”.
There was a plain near the capital city of Atlantis matching the characteristics of the region in southern Kalimantan in which a part is now submerged under the Java Sea. The plain has slopes mostly less than 1% declining southward to the Java Sea and no visible mound on the whole plain. It is open on the south and sheltered by the Muller-Schwaner and Meratus Mountains at the north. It has high rainfall and warm temperature over the year, many large rivers and tributaries so that it is very fertile and rich of food and daily necessity resources.
The plain was “rectangular and oblong in shape, 3,000 stadia (about 555 km) long and 2,000 stadia (about 370 km) wide”. The shape and dimensions of the plain in the region of southern Kalimantan and the adjacent Java Sea is precise.
“The perimeter canal was 100 feet or about 30 meters deep, 1 stadium (about 185 m) wide, 10,000 stadia (about 1,850 km) long, carried round the whole plain, received streams from the mountains, winding around the plain, meeting at the city and let off into the sea.” “The inland canals were straight, 100 feet (about 30 m) wide, 100 stadia (about 18.5 km) intervals, let off into the perimeter canal and as means for transporting wood and products in ships.” There were waterways on the plain matching the characteristics of the region.
“There were transverse passages cut from one inland canal into another” and “the irrigation streams tapping from the canals supplied water to the land in summer (or dry season) but rainfall in the winter (or rainy season) yielding two crops in a year”. Looking at the maps we can see numerous existing transverse passages in the region, some of them were built or rehabilitated in recent times.
“The capital island where there was a city with a citadel and rings of water was in a real sea inside a strait surrounded by a boundless continent.” The boundless continent is the Sundaland attached to the Asian Continent, and the only sea surrounded by it in those days was the ancient Java Sea, suggesting that the capital island and city are located in the Java Sea.
“The island was located near the plain and all the canals met at the city and drained into the sea”, suggesting that the island is located south of the plain, in a place now under the Java Sea.
“For which reason the sea in those parts is impassable and impenetrable, because there is a reef of mud, or clay, in the way” confirms the location. Coral reef is scarce in the Mediterranean so that the Greeks and the Egyptians did not own the term, then Plato wrote it as “a reef of mud, or clay”.
The site is identified by the sailors as Gosong Gia or Annie Florence Reef.
The capital city of Atlantis was an island with a small hill at its center. It had rings of water and a passage from the sea to the inner ring. They used brass/bronze, tin and “orichalcum” to cover the outer walls of their cities. Poseidon’s temple was at its center.
More articles at https://atlantisjavasea.com.